Carol Dweck is Professor of Psychology at Stanford University. Her research into motivation, personality and development led her to state and define the terms growth mindset and fixed mindset. Through her work she has developed the theory that individuals possess implicit theories of intelligence, with these sitting on a continuum running from growth mindset at one end to fixed mindset at the other.
Dweck’s work suggests that those individuals with a fixed mindset believe that success is a result of innate factors, whereas those with a growth mindset see it as a result of hard work, persistence, training and learning.
There are two key books written by Dweck which explore and explain her research. The first is an academic text called ‘Self-theories: Their Role in Motivation, Personality and Development’. The second is a book aimed at a mainstream audience, called ‘Mindset: How You Can Fulfil Your Potential’.
Lots of material is also available online, including video footage as well as text. Here is a collection of links for you to explore:
- http://mindsetonline.com/abouttheauthor/ – bio of Dweck, homepage for her book, links to articles.
- http://teacherstoolbox.co.uk/T_Dweck.html – Geoff Petty explains Dweck’s theory of motivation and looks at the implications for teachers.
- http://www.ted.com/talks/carol_dweck_the_power_of_believing_that_you_can_improve?language=en – 10-minute TED talk by Dweck.
- https://psychology.stanford.edu/cdweck – Dweck’s Stanford homepage, including lots of papers in PDF form you can download and read.
- https://alumni.stanford.edu/get/page/magazine/article/?article_id=32124 – article looking at effort and Dweck’s research.
- http://nymag.com/news/features/27840/ – article about the inverse power of praise.
- http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/the-secret-to-raising-smart-kids1/ – article by Dweck about parenting.
- http://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2015/09/23/carol-dweck-revisits-the-growth-mindset.html – an article by Dweck looking at how some of her growth mindset work has been misapplied in the classroom – and how to avoid this.
- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QGvR_0mNpWM – 26-minute video of Dweck presenting growth mindset ideas.
- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hiiEeMN7vbQ – 9-minute video of Dweck: ‘Developing a Growth Mindset’.
- http://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2015/11/23/teachers-parents-often-misuse-growth-mindset-research-carol-dweck-says – article about the misuse of growth mindset research.
- https://www.youcubed.org/ – Stanford Maths learning website heavily influenced by growth mindsets research.